Disbudding is done when the goat is just a kid before the horn bud adheres to the skull. 1-2 weeks old is best. The process includes using a hot iron to kill the horn base, so it stops growing. Is this painful? Yes, it is. But done properly it’s only a couple seconds and the kid is back up and running, nursing and possibly even playing immediately after. I’ve had some kids be extremely dramatic and others go right off and headbutt another kid! There is always a chance for scurs (small bits of horn growth) to grow especially on intact buck kids as their horn base is much larger and can be difficult to discourage from growing. This is why it is important to do this process when as young as possible so the iron can fit over the entire area effectively.